As we established in one of our earlier articles – cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Of over 450 different compounds present in the plant, only around 60 are termed cannabinoids.
Several concerns have been raised about the safety of cannabinoids:
- There have been reports of contamination of cannabis/cannabinoid products with microorganisms, pesticides, or other substances.
- Some cannabis/cannabinoid products contain amounts of cannabinoids that differ substantially from what’s stated on their labels.
Can CBD be harmful?
Before the FDA approved Epidiolex (a purified CBD product) as a drug, studies were done to evaluate its effectiveness and safety. Some participants in these studies had side effects (mostly diarrhea or sleepiness), and some developed abnormalities on tests of liver function. In some instances, study participants had to discontinue Epidiolex because of liver problems. Epidiolex also interacted with some of the other drugs these people were taking.
Problems like these can be managed in patients taking Epidiolex because they’re using CBD under medical supervision. People who use CBD on their own don’t have this kind of protection. They may not even know how much CBD they’re taking. A 2017 analysis of 84 CBD products sold online found that 26 percent contained substantially less CBD than the label indicated, and 43 percent contained substantially more.
Research Funded by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Several NCCIH-funded studies are investigating the potential pain-relieving properties and mechanisms of action of substances in cannabis, including minor cannabinoids (those other than THC) and terpenes (substances in cannabis that give the plant its strain-specific properties such as aroma and taste). The goal of these studies is to strengthen the evidence regarding cannabis components and whether they have potential roles in pain management.
NCCIH is also supporting other studies on cannabis and cannabinoids, including:
- An observational study of the effects of edible cannabis and its constituents on pain, inflammation, and thinking in people with chronic low-back pain.
- Studies to develop techniques to synthesize cannabinoids in yeast (which would cost less than obtaining them from the cannabis plant).
- Research to evaluate the relationship between cannabis smoking and type 2 diabetes.
More To Consider
- Don’t use cannabis or cannabinoids to postpone seeing a health care provider about a medical problem.
- Take charge of your health—talk with your health care providers about any complementary health approaches you use. Together, you can make shared, well-informed decisions.
What are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Of over 450 different compounds present in the plant, only around 60 are termed cannabinoids.
The most known among these compounds is the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), which is the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is another important component, which makes up about 40% of the plant resin extract and it’s a part of many products that you can find on the market today. Including our only Delta 8 Store where you can find all the products available on the market.